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Independent Living

Institutionalization is a restrictive environment that leads to isolation and exclusion by creating groups that live on the margins of society, away from society’s interactions and dominant culture. This creates a number of physical and behavioral obstacles and barriers in these groups and in the rest of society. This, in turn, leads to forgetting about these “marginalized” groups, while ultimately denying them their inherent rights and freedoms, and creating a gap which eventually places them under labels such as those who are ‘at risk’ or ‘vulnerable’.


Institutional services are limited to basic daily life requirements; therefore, the concepts of social rehabilitation, education and training for independent living and work are not part of the institutional system. This creates an economic and social burden on the State instead of allowing it to invest in these individuals to become active in the production process or in developing the society and the national economy.


Institutionalization also leads to the disintegration of family ties; it weakens the relationship and communication of the person with disabilities with his / her family which may be completely lost over time.



1. To work extensively with the Ministry of Social Development to prepare and follow up on the implementation of the action plan on reforming the system of care.

2. To participate in the preparation of and follow-up on the implementation of the alternative plan to institutionalization and to design and re-implement social rehabilitation programs as an alternative independent living option for persons with disabilities

3. To follow-up daycare centers and ensure compliance with the provisions of the Law on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in terms of the service provided and those in charge of these roles, as well as monitoring the situation of persons with disabilities in these centers.

4. To rehabilitee and train volunteers in local communities on how to deal with persons with disabilities to deliver services to them in their homes as personal assistants.

5. to monitor the extent to which the homes of the elderly, orphans, juveniles and abuse centers are prepared and accessible to persons with disabilities in these sectors

6. To raise awareness among persons with disabilities and their families to help in preparing the surrounding environment

7. To activate vocational rehabilitation and employment centers to enable persons with disabilities to be economically viable and to connect them with relevant bodies concerned with employment.